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Which New York counties have the highest child poverty rates?

STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. — Child poverty has long been a major problem in New York, with the state consistently having one of the highest rates in the country. But some areas are much harder hit than others.

In October 2022, Governor Kathy Hochul launched the Child Poverty Reduction Advisory Council, a group tasked with developing a plan to cut child poverty in New York in half over the next decade.

“Reducing poverty for all New Yorkers – especially our youngest – is a key priority for my administration,” Hochul said at the time. “This talented and diverse group of policy experts, service providers, advocates and community members will examine both proven strategies and new approaches to achieve this goal and address broad and systemic inequities that perpetuate cycles of poverty in communities across New York State.

The group’s most recent annual update, publicly available online, highlights many negative outcomes linked to child poverty, including adverse health effects, poor academic performance, lower income, toxic stress and a shorter lifespan.

The Staten Island Advance/SILive.com recently analyzed data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2022 American Community Survey five-year survey to see which New York counties have the highest percentage of children living in the poverty.

Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values ​​(poverty thresholds) that vary by family size, number of children and age of household head, according to the U.S. Census Desk.

In New York state, 18.1 percent of children, defined as residents under the age of 18, live below the poverty line, according to the data.

Two of the four counties with the highest child poverty rates are located in New York City, with Bronx County having by far the highest rate, at 34.9%, and Kings County, or Brooklyn, having the fourth highest rate, at 25.8%.

The lowest child poverty rates are in Putnam, Nassau and Saratoga counties, which have rates of 5.8%, 6% and 7%, respectively.

Here are the child poverty rates for each county in New York, from highest to lowest, according to 5-year estimates from the US Census Bureau’s 2022 American Community Survey.

  1. Bronx County – child poverty rate of 34.9%
  2. Oswego County – child poverty rate of 28.6%
  3. Franklin County – child poverty rate of 28.0%
  4. Kings County (Brooklyn) – Child poverty rate of 25.8%
  5. Rockland County – Child poverty rate of 25.8%
  6. Broome County – Child poverty rate of 25.1%
  7. Chautauqua County – 25.0% child poverty rate
  8. Allegany County – child poverty rate of 24.8%
  9. Schuyler County – child poverty rate of 24.4%
  10. Cattaraugus County – 24.0% child poverty rate
  11. Saint Lawrence County – Child poverty rate of 23.4%
  12. Yates County – Child poverty rate of 23.0%
  13. Sullivan County – child poverty rate of 22.6%
  14. Montgomery County – child poverty rate of 21.4%
  15. Onondaga County – 21.1% child poverty rate
  16. Delaware County – child poverty rate of 21.0%
  17. Oneida County – Child poverty rate of 20.4%
  18. Chemung County – Child poverty rate of 19.9%
  19. New York County (Manhattan) – Child poverty rate of 19.6%
  20. Orange County – Child poverty rate of 19.6%
  21. Monroe County – Child poverty rate of 19.1%
  22. Erie County – Child poverty rate of 19.0%
  23. Lewis County – Child poverty rate of 18.9%
  24. Niagara County – Child poverty rate of 18.4%
  25. Steuben County – child poverty rate of 17.9%
  26. Cayuga County – Child poverty rate of 17.5%
  27. Chenango County – Child poverty rate of 17.2%
  28. Fulton County – child poverty rate of 16.6%
  29. Rensselaer County – child poverty rate of 16.6%
  30. Orleans County – Child poverty rate of 16.6%
  31. Herkimer County – Child poverty rate of 16.5%
  32. Jefferson County – child poverty rate of 16.2%
  33. Clinton County – child poverty rate of 16.0%
  34. Otsego County – Child poverty rate of 15.8%
  35. Seneca County – Child poverty rate of 15.8%
  36. Albany County – child poverty rate of 15.8%
  37. Ulster County – child poverty rate of 15.6%
  38. Livingston County – child poverty rate of 15.4%
  39. Schenectady County – child poverty rate of 15.3%
  40. Queens County – Child poverty rate of 14.4%
  41. Columbia County – 14.0% child poverty rate
  42. Wayne County – Child poverty rate of 14.0%
  43. Washington County – child poverty rate of 13.9%
  44. Wyoming County – child poverty rate of 13.9%
  45. Richmond County (Staten Island) – Child poverty rate of 13.6%
  46. Essex County – Child poverty rate of 12.7%
  47. Madison County – 12.5% ​​child poverty rate
  48. Cortland County – child poverty rate of 11.7%
  49. Tioga County – Child poverty rate of 11.7%
  50. Tompkins County – Child poverty rate of 11.3%
  51. Greene County – child poverty rate of 11.2%
  52. Hamilton County – Child poverty rate of 11.1%
  53. Ontario County – Child poverty rate of 11.0%
  54. Schoharie County – Child poverty rate of 10.9%
  55. Westchester County – child poverty rate of 9.8%
  56. Genesee County – 9.6% child poverty rate
  57. Dutchess County – child poverty rate of 9.1%
  58. Warren County – child poverty rate of 8.2%
  59. Suffolk County – child poverty rate of 7.5%
  60. Saratoga County – child poverty rate of 7.0%
  61. Nassau County – Child poverty rate of 6.0%
  62. Putnam County – child poverty rate of 5.8%